The United Nations and partners have been involved in a Consolidated Appeal Process (CAP) in the oPt since 2003. Almost 10 years later, none of the political root causes of the humanitarian situation have been addressed and as a result, tackling humanitarian needs remains important.
The CAP will only help address a fraction of the needs in the oPt, namely where the Palestinian Authority outreach is limited (Gaza Strip, Area C, including the seam zones, and East Jerusalem) and/or where the most vulnerable lack access to government-led or other sources of support. The CAP is designed in a way that does not undermine national and international longer term development strategies, and it must anticipate and complement the Palestinian National Development Plan and the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF).
The Humanitarian Programme Cycle refers to a series of actions undertaken in the management of international humanitarian response operations. These must be conducted, to the extent possible, in collaboration with and in support of national and local authorities. The actions in the cycle, described below, are inter-related and should be managed in a seamless manner using a coherent approach and a common set of tools.
• Emergency preparedness is a distinct element of, and underpins, the entire cycle.
• Timely, coordinated assessments and analysis identify the needs of affected people and provide the evidence base for planning the response.
• Coordinated planning allows for the formulation of strategic objectives, what needs to be done to meet them, and how much it will cost.
• Funding and other resources are mobilized for the system based on and in support of the strategic response plan.
• Monitoring of agreed output and outcome indicators and the tracking of financial information demonstrates results and informs decision-making about the plan.
While implementation of the cycle should be flexible and adaptable to different country situations, it must at a minimum address the above elements. Whenever possible, it should support national and local partners, including NGOs, civil society and communities, and complement or build on existing frameworks; it should contribute to a response that builds resilience to future disasters.
Given the protracted nature of the conflict in the oPt and that humanitarian needs change little from year to year, it was decided during the preparations for the 2014 Humanitarian Programme Cycle to develop a three-year Country Strategy for the period of 2014-2017. The 2014 Country Strategy in the oPt will continue to focus around two strategic priorities: tackling food insecurity and improving the protection environment for Palestinian communities most at risk.
More information on the specific elements of the HPC can be found at: https://www.humanitarianresponse.info/humanitarian-programme-cycle
Emergency Response Fund (ERF)
The emergency pooled fund for the
oPt, the Emergency Response fund (ERF), was created in August 2007 to provide
rapid allocation and disbursement of funds to NGOs and UN agencies to support
humanitarian activities at the sudden onset of emergencies.
There are two priorities for ERF funding. One is to provide an immediate
response to unforeseen emergencies through life saving interventions and/or
preventing the further erosion of livelihood assets and coping mechanisms of the
affected communities. The second priority is to strategically fill gaps in
funding within a humanitarian response plan until mainstream humanitarian
funding is available.
information on the ERF and projects that have been supported, see the ERF page