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Life, Liberty and Security

Overview

     

Palestinian men, women and children face various forms of threats to their life, liberty and security on a daily basis. This includes threats stemming from policies and practices related to the Israeli occupation; from conflict-related violence; from violence, intimidation and harassment by settlers in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem; and from Palestinian inter-factional violence. The impact of violence and conflict on children is particularly concerning, hindering the enjoyment of their rights and preventing their normal development. There are serious concerns regarding the lack of, or insufficient efforts by Israeli authorities to investigate and ensure accountability for alleged violations of international humanitarian and human rights law by Israeli forces during military and law enforcement operations, and for Israeli settlers acts of violence against Palestinian civilians and their property. The failure to effectively investigate and prosecute violent acts results in a culture of impunity.

   
  Israeli soldiers arrest a child during the weekly demonstration in Kufr Qaddum,a West bank village located east of Qalqiliya, on January 25, 2013. The child was later released. Credit: Yotam Ronen/Activestills
 
 
 
Palestinian civilians also continue to be subjected to restrictions on their liberty by Israeli and Palestinian authorities; the current practice of administrative detention – detention without charge or trial – by the Israeli authorities is of particular concern. The ill-treatment of Palestinian children in Israeli detention appears to be widespread, systematic and institutionalized throughout the process of arrest, trial and sentencing.

Key Trends in 2013 Trends in 2013 Trends in 2013

• In the West Bank, in the first 10 months of 2013 alone, more than twice as many Palestinians have been killed by Israeli forces than in all of 2012, and more Palestinians have been injured in Palestinian-Israeli conflict-related violence than in any other entire year since 2005, when OCHA began collecting data on conflict related casualties. About one-third of injuries have been among children.

• Over 60 per cent of injuries occurred as a result of clashes between Palestinian protestors and Israeli forces during demonstrations.

• There has been an over 15 per cent increase in the number of settler-related incidents resulting in Palestinian casualties or property damage this year in the West Bank; a monthly average of 36 in the first 10 months of 2013, compared to the 2012 monthly average of 31.

• In the Gaza Strip, there have been fewer fatalities in 2013 than in any year since 2005, when OCHA began recording casualties.

Conflict-related casualties
   2014 2015
Palestinian deaths - direct conflict Total 2013 Jan Feb. March April May June July Aug. Sep.* Oct. Nov. Dec. Total 2014 Jan Feb Mar
Gaza 11 4 2 5 0 0 6 1550* 669** 12 4 1 3 2,256 0 0 1
West Bank 28 2 1 6 1 2 7 17 8 4 4 4 2 58 2 1 1
Total 39 6 3 11 1 2 13 1567 677 16 8 5 5 2,314 2 1 2
Palestinian injuries - direct conflict Total 2013 Jan Feb. March April May June July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Total Jan Feb Mar
Gaza 83 43 43 19 37 20 39 10,895 3 7 8 20 10,739 4 2 10
West Bank 3881 176 173 209 265 245 287 2210 640 206 282 1000 330 6,023 118 165 165
Total 3964 219 216 228 302 256 326 13,735 209 291 984 350 17,125 122 167 175
    *   Until 7 July, 10 Palestinians were killed in Gaza
** July and August total number of deaths during the Gaza crisis 2014 may change following further verification

* September-December fatalities in Gaza include those who sustained injuries during the Israeli offensive on Gaza (July-August)
       

 

Israeli settler-related incidents resulting in casualties and damage to property
  2014 2015
  Total 2013 Jan. Feb. March April May June July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Total Jan Feb Mar
Incidents leading to Palestinian casualties 94 5 6 10 10 8 13 25 6 3 6 14 4 110 8 6 13
Incidents leading to Palestinian damage to property/land 306 18 17 24 28 22 17 24 12 5 19 17 18 221 17 10 8


OCHA oPt Resources

Protection of Civilians Weekly reports
Monthly Humanitarian Bulletin
Annual Review: Fragmented Lives - Humanitarian Overview 2012, Life, Liberty and Security chapter
Annual Review: Fragmented Lives - Humanitarian Overview 2011, Life, Liberty and Security chapter
Fact Sheet: Israeli Settler Violence in the West Bank | November 2011
Case Study: The olive harvest and settler violence: the case of Al Mughayyir village | October 2013

Links

The UN Secretary-Generals report on Israeli practices affecting the human rights of the Palestinian people in the oPt, including East Jerusalem (A/68/502) | October 2013
The UN Secretary-Generals report on Israeli settlements in the oPt, including East Jerusalem, and the occupied Syrian Golan (A/68/513) | October 2013
The UN Secretary-Generals report on Israeli practices affecting the human rights of the Palestinian people in the oPt, including East Jerusalem (A/67/372) | September 2012
The UN Secretary-Generals report on Israeli settlements in the oPt, including East Jerusalem, and the occupied Syrian Golan (A/67/375) | September 2012
United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
Office of the Special Representative for the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict, in Israel and oPt
UNICEF on "Children in Israeli military detention": first progress report | October 2013
UNICEF on Children in Israeli Military Detention, Observations and Recommendations | March 2013

UN OCHA CAP CERF HDX RELIEFWEB IRIN Humanitarian Response
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