A Protracted Crisis with a Humanitarian Cost

In the occupied Palestinian territory, insufficient respect for international law by all sides leads to a protracted crisis with humanitarian consequences.
The main challenges facing Palestinians in occupied Palestinian territory include:

Threats to life, liberty and security

Destruction or damage to homes and other property

Forced displacement

Restrictions on movement and access to livelihoods

Lack of accountability and effective remedy

The Gaza conflict of July-August 2014 sharply increased humanitarian needs.

What is the Strategic Response Plan?

  • The 2015 Strategic Response Plan presents the response of the humanitarian community to the most urgent humanitarian needs in the occupied Palestinian territory. It provides a framework for the coordination of humanitarian activities by UN agencies, international and national NGOs and the Government of Palestine.

The Plan’s Objectives

Enhance protection by promoting respect for international law, pursuing accountability, and preventing and mitigating the impact of violations.

Respond to immediate needs following shocks and increase the resilience of those at risk of forced displacement or forcible transfer.

Respond to food insecurity and promote resilient livelihoods.

Ensure that vulnerable Palestinians have access to essential services in areas with restricted access.

Enhance the capacity to provide timely coordination of, and effective preparedness for, responses to emergencies.

Ensure transitional solutions for internally displaced persons and those vulnerable to (re-) displacement in Gaza, by working towards durable solutions.

The 2015 plan requests US$705 million
which will allow humanitarians to provide assistance to 1.6 million of the most vulnerable Palestinians

  • Food Security $324m
  • Coordination $23m
  • Shelter & NFIs $225m
  • Health & Nutrition $21m
  • Protection$52m
  • Education $20m
  • WASH $39m

What if we fail to raise the necessary funds?

Food insecurity could increase beyond the 1.6 million Palestinians who are currently deemed food insecure.

Over a million schoolchildren will risk having their education compromised by the effects of the conflict and occupation.

Hundreds of thousands of Palestinians will be denied access to essential healthcare.

Two million Palestinians will not have access to adequate water and sanitation.

Over 22,000 families in Gaza could remain displaced in temporary and inadequate shelters.

Tens of thousands of families, whose homes are unprepared for winter, may be displaced.

The trauma of at least 373,000 children who need specialized psychosocial support will go untreated.

Explosive remnants of war could kill or injure people, especially children.

How to decrease dependency on humanitarian assistance?

A political breakthrough and dramatic policy shifts are needed. The responsibility for change lies with the parties to the conflict and with the international community.
  • The Gaza blockade should be lifted.
  • Restrictions on access and movement in the West Bank should be lifted.
  • Forced displacement and destruction of property should end.
  • A fair, inclusive planning and zoning regime in Area C and East Jerusalem should be established.
  • Parties to the conflict must abide by their obligations to protect civilians.

People reached in 2014

In 2014, donors contributed a generous $447m towards the Strategic Response Plan (48% of requested requirements), an increase of over $180m on the amount contributed in 2014. Funding however was not even across clusters/ sectors and agencies. However, despite challenges related to funding and the operational environment (primarily humanitarian access), most clusters were able to reach many of the people that they set out to target in some way, although the range of interventions was sometimes limited as some key activities remained unfunded.
  • Food Security
      1,900,000   3,100,000*
  • WASH
      1,900,000   398,587
  • Shelter & NFIs
      1,001,200   295,212
  • Health & Nutrition
      1,735,387   1,400,000
  • Protection
      117,500   401,629
  • Education
      391,713   322,682
  • People Targeted
  • People Reached

*The target was exceeded due an extraordinary food distribution that took place during the Gaza war

Supporting the Strategic Response Plan contributes to needs-based humanitarian action guided by the principles of humanity, impartiality, neutrality and independence.

  • Bilateral support for Strategic Response Plan projects: Any donor can provide funding for single projects or specific organizations in the Plan.
  • The Emergency Response Fund (ERF) can rapidly fund NGOs and UN agencies to support critical humanitarian activities in sudden onset emergencies. The ERF is also now an expanded instrument to strengthen strategic coordination of resources, in particular to support “time critical” priority projects in the Strategic Response Plan, including the winterization response.